Already in the winter it smelled. In the last month of autumn, only chrysanthemums remained of the flowers in the garden. Frosts will soon begin, the central heating has already started working in the houses, in the morning on the way to work people exhale a cloud of steam. In an almost bare garden, peace and quiet, but not all plants have already fallen asleep, and far from all garden work has yet been done. What remains to be done to prepare the garden for winter?
Garden works in November
At the beginning of the last month of autumn, if September and October were dry, winter shrubs and trees are irrigated by winter, without which withered plants are more likely to freeze. In the first decade of the month, flowers are fertilized and the plants and soil around them are treated with a seven percent urea solution. At the end of autumn, it is time to lay and cover climbing roses , clematis, and sow the seeds of annuals and some perennials for the winter.
In the last month of autumn, begonias, dahlias and cannons are dug up and cleaned from the ground for storage until spring planting, at the same time you need to check how the bulbs and tubers that you dug in September and October are stored. Lovers of lawns and lawns need to prepare the soil for sowing grass. Young shrubs need to be wrapped in a dense breathable material, the ends of which are sprinkled with earth so that plant shoots do not become easy prey for rodents. Plants that cannot winter without shelter should be wrapped in material or covered with spruce branches.
It’s as if that’s all. After that, it remains only to remove garbage in the garden, to scoop up and burn the last leaves, with the ash of which you will fertilize the flower beds next year.
Planting flowers in November
What flowers are planted in November
Winter sowing of flowers is justified by the fact that the shoots germinated in the spring of autumn sowing are much more resistant to spring frosts. But not all seeds withstand natural stratification in winter soil. What flowers can be sown in the garden before winter? Lavender , aquilegia , primrose , gaillardia , gentian, delphinium , arabis, bellflower, small petle, yarrow, cloves, hellebore, corydalis, adonis, lumbago, aconite, sanguine and some others.
How to plant flowers
Sow seeds from the beginning to mid-November in the grooves. If the seeds are too small, they are mixed with sand. Sprinkle grooves with seeds with a mixture of fertile land with humus and peat, which is harvested in advance and kept indoors, protecting from freezing. Watering crops is not necessary.
Flower transplant in November
How and when to transplant flowers
In November, you can still divide the bushes and transplant peonies , but only if frost is not predicted in the near future. It is better to do this at the beginning of the month, until the earth is frozen.
What flowers are dug up
Tubers of flowers such as cannes , dahlias and begonias , if you did not do this in October, after the first frosts you need to dig, clear from the ground, dry, pickle in a pink solution of potassium permanganate and store in a dry dark place with a temperature of no higher than 5 ºC .
Plants such as dope, fuchsia, petunias , silver cineraria and pelargonium should not be left in the garden for the winter. They need to be cut, transplanted into flower pots and placed in a cool room until spring.
November flower pruning
Pruning flowers to cover in the winter is the next step in preparing the garden for winter. In November, clematis and roses are pruned. Clematis blooming on the shoots of the current year, cut short, and those that bloom on the shoots of last year, do not cut, shorten only too long lashes. The floribunda rose and hybrid tea rose are cut at a height of 45-60 cm from the ground, removing all unripe shoots. In miniature and polyanthus roses, only inflorescences are pruned.
Some amateur gardeners on the eve of winter cut off the ground part of perennial flowers, and some do not, and everyone has their own reasons. Decide for yourself what is best for your flowers.
Preparing plants for wintering
In the last month of autumn, flower care consists mainly in their preparation for winter. If winters are cold and snowy in your area, consider yourself lucky: in light frosts under a warm snow cover, the flowers will winter well. But what if the frosts are strong and there is little snow? And what will happen to perennials planted in late autumn that have not yet developed a root system? No need to wait for mercy from nature, it is better to prepare flowers for the harsh winter. If she is not too harsh, so much the better.
Spread bushes wintering without shelter with dry land. In dry weather, spud adult hydrangea bushes, and cover young plants with nonwoven fabric in several layers or make a hammock above them. Cover heather and erica with lapnik, after adding dry peat to the base of the bushes. On the clematis cut under the root, install an inverted wooden box and cover it with roofing material, the edges of which are pressed with stones. Remove the clematis, which you did not cut, from the support, lay the ring on the ground, cover it with the spruce branches, and press the shield from the boards from above, placing a little block under it for ventilation.
Perennial flowers wintering in the ground, as well as those that were planted in the fall, mulch with a layer of compost, peat or garden soil 5 cm thick. Less winter-hardy flowers require additional shelter. Rhododendrons and Forsythia spud, laid on the ground, pinned and covered with spruce branches. Conifers, often suffering from sunburn in early spring, are loosely wrapped in burlap, but this can be done in the middle of winter.
Before sheltering for the winter, the lower sections of the branches of the roses are cleaned of leaves, trying not to damage the buds, and are spudded to a height of 20 cm.Around the standard roses, an air-dry shelter with spruce branches or oak leaves is built or laid on the ground and covered with spruce branches. Climbing roses are also spud, then removed from the support and laid on boards or lapnik. Above them, too, is a spruce branch. However, do not rush to cover the roses early, wait for frosts, especially do not do this in wet weather. Do not also cover them with lutrasil, since the shoots under it can rot.
The best way to preserve plants until winter is to cover them with a wooden box and toss them with spruce branches on top. If snow falls in winter, rake it off the garden paths and throw it on your flowers - with such a shelter, the most severe frosts will not be scary.