Scheffler - description
The genus Sheflera (lat. Schefflera) has up to 200 species and is part of the Araliev family . You can also find the name of the sheffler. It grows in the tropical zones of the planet.
Scheffler - small-sized bushes or small trees with a leaf shape that is typical of rosette plants. Shefflera leaf resembles a palm with fingers apart. The leaf is divided into parts - from 4 to 12. Sometimes this plant is called an umbrella tree, because Shefflera leaf lobes grow from one point, which resembles an open umbrella.
In a shefler’s room, it blooms quite rarely, but if this happens, the flowers will look like tentacles. But basically the plant is grown because of the leaves. It will look great in large, lighted rooms. To enhance the effect, liquid wax is applied to the leaves.
Planting and caring for a sheflera
- Flowering: in a room culture shefler does not bloom. The plant is grown as a decorative leaf.
- Lighting: bright diffused light.
- Temperature: in spring and summer - 20 ºC, in winter at least 12 ºC, but it is advisable to maintain it in the range of 15-17 ºC.
- Watering: in spring and summer between waterings, the substrate should dry to a depth of 1-1.5 cm, in winter, you can allow the soil to dry to a third of the depth.
- Humidity: increased. It is recommended to spray sheflera leaves every other day and keep the flower on a pallet with moistened expanded clay.
- Top dressing: from spring to autumn - twice a month with mineral fertilizer for decorative and deciduous plants.
- Rest period: approximately from November to February.
- Transplant: once every two years.
- Substrate: 2 parts of sod land, 1 part humus and 1 part sand.
- Reproduction: seeds, cuttings and layering.
- Pests: aphids, scale insects and spider mites.
- Diseases: due to violation of the rules of care and maintenance - rot of the roots, loss of decorative leaves.
- Properties: sheflera poisonous!
Read more about growing sheflers below
Sheflera - photo
Scheffler - video
Homemade sheflera care
The best lighting for room sheflers is bright diffused light. Although the plant tolerates direct sunlight, it is better to shade it, because direct rays can cause burns on the leaves. The plant feels most comfortable on the western and eastern windows. Varieties with green leaves can be grown on the north side. In winter, the shefler needs to be put in a very lit place. It is advisable to additionally use fluorescent lamps if the temperature in the room exceeds 17 ° C. In summer, you can expose the plant to fresh air, but you should not allow direct sunlight.
In summer, the optimal temperature for sheflers at room conditions is 20 ° C. If the temperature drops at night, it will only have a positive effect on the plant. In winter, the temperature should not drop below 12 ° C. The most appropriate temperature is considered to be from 15 to 17 ° C. In no case should a plant be placed near heaters.
Two days after the top of the soil has dried, the shefler should water it - this applies to watering in spring and summer. Water should be soft, pre-settled. The earth in the pot should not dry out. Watering in the winter is reduced. It is necessary to ensure that throughout the year the soil is not acidic - it is dangerous to flood the plant. The temperature of the water should correspond to the temperature of the soil, therefore, pouring water from a tap, it is necessary that the tank with water stood.
Humidity should be high, so it is advisable to spray the plant every other day. Also, a pot with room sheflera can be put on a pallet with wet expanded clay. High humidity is especially important if the air temperature in a room with a sheflera is high in winter.
Fertilize a shefler with dressing for indoor plants every two weeks: from spring to autumn.
In order for a sheffler to look like a bush, usually several plants are planted in one pot, because when pruned, the decorative appearance of the flower decreases.
Every two years, a houseplant is transplanted to a shefler in a pot, the size of which is much larger than the previous one. Transplanted into slightly acidic soil from a mixture of 2 parts of sod land, one part humus and one part sand. Do not forget to drain so that the water in the pot does not stagnate.
Sheflera from seeds
Sow seeds at the end of winter in a substrate of peat and sand (1: 1) or in a mixture of sand, turf and leafy soil (1: 1: 1). Seeds are planted at a distance of two seeds from each other in previously sanitized soil, and the seeds themselves can be soaked in warm water before that. After watering the substrate, it is put in place with a temperature of 20 to 23 ° C. The seed container needs to be ventilated and sprayed from time to time. After germination, you need to wait for the appearance of 2-3 leaves and plant in pots. The first 3 months, the temperature should be from 17 to 19 ° C. When the Schaeffler roots envelop the entire pot, they are transplanted into pots of 8-9 cm in diameter. The temperature is reduced to 13-15 ° C. In autumn, it will be possible to transfer the shefler into a pot 11-12 cm in diameter - the substrate should consist of two parts of sod land, one part of leaf and one part of sand.
Reproduction of shefflers by cuttings
Before planting almost woody cuttings of sheflera into a mixture of one part of peat and one part of sand, they need to be treated with a stimulant to form roots. A container with cuttings is placed on the lower heater (it is not advisable to put on batteries). The temperature should not be higher than 22 ° C, but not lower than 20 ° C. To provide diffused light, the container is covered with a cellophane film. The container itself needs to be ventilated from time to time and sprayed. The temperature is reduced to 18-20 ° C after the cuttings take root. When the roots of the shefler plant envelop the entire pot, they are transplanted into 9-cm pots, and the air temperature is lowered a little more - up to 16 ° C maximum.
Breeding sheflers layering
To use air vents for breeding, the home shefler herself must be large. It is necessary to make a small incision on the plant trunk in early spring. The incision site must be wrapped with sphagnum moss soaked in a nutrient solution, and wrapped over the film. Moss should be wet all the time. Roots will appear at the site of the cut after a few months, and after another two months you need to cut the trunk of the plant just below the roots that have appeared and plant in another pot. The part of the shefflers that remains should not be thrown away - you need to cut it to the root and not stop watering - shoots may appear and instead of one new plant there will be two.
It is important to know that the room shefler is a little poisonous, so you need to wash your hands after contact with it, to prevent dermatitis.
Diseases and pests sheflers
Sheflera dumps the leaves. Leaves may fall when the temperature is too high in summer. Sheflera also dumps leaves with excess moisture and insufficient temperature in winter.
Stains on the leaves of sheflera. The lack of lighting makes the leaves faded, and its excess leads to the appearance of bright spots.
Scheffler rots. The roots will begin to rot if the soil is too wet.
The edges of the leaves are brownish. The edges of the leaves will turn brown with insufficient watering, as well as if the air is very dry.
Pests sheflers. Aphids and scale insects are the main pests. The spider mite is also not indifferent to the sheffler.
Types of Shefflers
Schefflera octifolia / Schefflera octophylla
Leaves of this species are distinguished by their unusual arrangement. Petioles are creamy, drooping. Lanceolate leaves are attached to them - from eight to twelve pieces. Leaves up to 40 cm long and up to 10 wide. Glossy leaves are green young (with an olive tint), and old ones are simply light green. The color of the veins is lighter than the rest of the leaf. The bottom of the sheet is matte green.
Schefflera arboreal / Schefflera arboricola
The plant is small in height. The trunk is erect, branching. Branches become brownish over time, being initially green. Leaf length - up to 20 cm. Amate is one of the most resistant to damage by pests and requires less lighting than other varieties. Bright shiny green leaves. On the green leaves of the Gold Capella variety, small yellow spots are observed, and the sheffler herself looks like a palm tree.
Schefflera radiant (stellate) / Schefflera actinophylla
The most common species is a gray-brown erect trunk, thickened downward; brown-red long petioles; palmate compound leaves (seven ovate leaves, wavy edges). Leaves are bright green shiny. The main part of the leaf is darker than the vein. Nova leaves are very similar to oak leaves.