In nature, this type of plant can be found near streams, as well as near the waterfalls of the African tropics. In 1892, Baron Walter von Saint-Paul first noticed the violet within the Uzambara Mountains in Tanzania, after which he made a full description of this flower. As a result, it was named Saintpaulia in honor of the Baron and, after some time, it was demonstrated at the world flower exhibition, and it was able to attract the attention of flower growers.
For many years, breeders from many countries were engaged in it and, as a result, a huge number of senpolia species were bred. Uzambar violet will not leave anyone indifferent due to the wide variety of varieties, as well as a long flowering period.
Among other things, it’s enough to take care of the senpolia, but the violet will bloom throughout the year. At the same time, it takes up very little space and several different types of violets can be placed on the windowsill, and after rooting the stem, several plants can be grown that will have flowers of various shades.
Senpolia care at home
Saintpaulia prefers places where there is a lot of light, but where direct sunlight does not reach. Western and eastern windows are ideal, but on the southern window it is better to keep it in the winter. If the apartment has only southern windows, then measures should be taken to protect the plants from burning sun rays. In such cases, you can use a side table, so as not to keep the plant directly on the windowsill.
A young plant develops well at a temperature of + 23 ° С-25 ° С, and for an adult plant this indicator can be reduced to + 20-24 ° С. The main thing is that the day and night temperatures are almost at the same level, and their difference is within a few degrees. Large changes in temperature, as well as drafts, are very harmful to the senpole.
Saintpaulia loves high humidity, but it also feels good in dry air. It is not recommended to spray the violet, but to take other measures to increase humidity is welcome.
Defined tap water is suitable for irrigation, but you can water it with rain and melt if there are no environmental problems. In any case, the water should stand. When watering, you need to control so that moisture does not get inside the outlet and on the leaves. In other words, it should be watered under the root. If the weather is warm outside, then watering can be increased, if it gets colder, then watering can be reduced. The best indicator of irrigation intensity can be its leaves. If the leaves are elastic and fleshy, then the watering is within the normal range, and if the leaves begin to fall down and become sluggish to the touch, then the watering should be increased. When the earth is dry, thin roots, which actively absorb moisture, may die. With waterlogging of the soil, rotting of the root system is possible. It often happens when a violet is planted in an oversized pot. To protect the plant from fungal diseases, about once a month the plant is watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Soil for saintpaulia
To the soil for violets, certain requirements are imposed, so that the roots of the violets have good access of oxygen.
This means that it must be loose, while retaining moisture well. The composition of the planting mixture includes the following components: turfy soil, leaf humus, sand and moss-sphagnum. Each amateur grower can have his own recipe and, of course, the best.
Alternatively, you can purchase the finished planting mixture in a flower shop and add perlite, moss-sphagnum or coconut substrate to it.
It is possible to use land from coniferous forests, adding a small amount of leafy land to it.
This is not a large plant, and therefore it is grown in not large pots. In order for the violet to continue to grow normally, it should be transplanted into a larger pot. Violets also have delicate roots and, as a result, it is very difficult to tolerate transplants with a complete replacement of the soil. If the growth of the violet began to slow down, it must immediately be transplanted into a larger pot. At the same time, the plant is simply transferred to another container, after which the necessary amount of earth is added to the container.
An urgent plant transplant will be needed in cases where the roots have rotted or the dose of fertilizers has been diluted.
Experts believe that for the best growth of the senpolia, the diameter of the pot must be three times smaller than the diameter of the outlet. As a rule, violets are grown in pots with a diameter of 10-13 cm and a height of 10 cm. In pots of this size, the violet has the largest leaves and flowers. In larger diameter pots, the senpolia may not bloom.
After the transplant, approximately a month and a half later they begin to fertilize the adult plant. For this, fertilizers should be used for flowering plants, which can be purchased at flower shops. This operation should be carried out regularly, since violets can bloom throughout the year. Many lovers of violets do not fertilize them, and every six months they transplant them into new pots, with a diameter slightly larger than the previous ones (somewhere, by 1-2 cm).
After some time, the lower leaves of the violet begin to die off and then it loses its decorativeness, and its flowering becomes not so attractive. To rejuvenate the plant, the top is cut off from it, the cuttings are treated with a root growth stimulator, after which it is planted in a fresh substrate. The rest of the flower is left in the pot and after a while, in the pot, stepsons will appear, ready for rooting.
Propagation of Violets
This plant propagates in several ways: by rooting cuttings, stepsons, peduncles. Cuttings are taken from the leaves, choosing healthy plants. You need to take a sharp knife or blade and cut the leaf sideways so that there is more area for rooting. The length of the handle can be within 3-5cm. The place of cut is sprinkled with activated carbon, and put in a container of water. The water is boiled and cooled before this, and before installing the cuttings, a tablet of activated carbon is thrown into the water. After about a week and a half, the roots appear on the stalk.
Subsequently, the cuttings are planted in plastic cups, in which holes are made in the bottom and polystyrene is poured (for drainage). Somewhere half the glass is filled with coniferous earth or an ordinary substrate of sod land and sand. Cuttings with regrown roots are planted to a depth of about 1.5 cm, after which they are covered with a plastic bag. You can also cover with any transparent container.
Cuttings can immediately be planted in the ground and not wait for the roots to appear in the water.
In this case, the plant will take root a little later and, somewhere, in a month, young leaves may appear. After the young plants grow, they are transplanted into separate pots. Some varieties of violets cannot be propagated by leaf cuttings, as they will not be similar to their relatives. So that the violets after propagation are the same, they are propagated by peduncles. To do this, take the strongest and most healthy flower stalks, cut them and arrange them in glasses, like cuttings. After a certain time, small leaflets will appear in the sinuses of the small leaves. They are watered much less than leafy cuttings.
Some varieties of Saintpaulia have lateral processes called stepchildren. In order for the plant to develop normally and have a decorative look, stepsons are removed and root in the same way as cuttings.
Some types of violets do not have stepsons, but they can be obtained by removing the growth point. After a certain time, side shoots will appear in the sinuses of the developing leaves. Upon reaching a size of about 3 cm, they are cut and planted in an earthen substrate.
Growing violets is one of the most beloved activities of both amateur gardeners and ordinary housewives. Their uniqueness lies in the fact that they take up little space on the windowsills, which means that you can grow several types of this amazing plant at once. Moreover, they are unpretentious, and do not require much time for their departure. In addition, they are easy to propagate and literally all lovers of the beautiful have mastered this technology. She is loved because she pleases others throughout the year, while you can see specimens that have unique coloring. On one windowsill there will be several of them, and this undoubtedly decorates the home. Moreover, they look great in suspended compositions, along with other types of the same beautiful colors.
Saintpaulia varieties with photos and names
Saintpaulia dark (Saintpaulia confusa)
A plant with a slender straight stalk up to 10 cm high. The flowers are bluish-violet, with yellow anthers, collected in four brushes.
Saintpaulia violet, or Saintpaulia violet (Saintpaulia ionantha)
In nature, the plant has violet-blue flowers, but the color of cultivated cultivars can be very diverse: white, pink, red, blue, violet. The leaves are green above, greenish-reddish below.
A plant with branched stems up to 15 cm high and leaves with a diameter of about 6 cm with wavy edges. The flowers are purple, collected in two or four.
A rare view from the mountainous regions of southeast Kenya is subject to protection.