Orchids are very beautiful flowers and they are grown by almost all gardeners and housewives, while they are enthusiastic and admire them at the same time. Among orchids, phalaenopsis is very popular, but recently an unusual flower - papiopedilum - has attracted the general attention of gardeners. And this is not surprising, since it is distinguished by its originality: the flower consists of a bizarre bag-shaped lip with a sepals resembling a sail, which, as it were, hangs against the background of the flower.
This unique orchid can surprise every real grower, and he wants to have the same flower.
This orchid has a second, more common name - Venus slipper, which is consistent with this form. Despite its originality and quirkiness, the Venus slipper feels great at home. Its flowering can continue throughout the year. This is the case when all the necessary conditions of detention are provided, and so can bloom for several months.
This orchid has about 80 species. In nature, this plant can be found in the tropical and subtropical forests of India, China, the Philippines, Malaysia, etc. There they prefer to settle in old hollows, on stumps or crevices between trees. For the normal growth and development of this unique flower, it is necessary to recreate such conditions.
Paphiopedilum care at home
Lighting and seat selection
This orchid can grow on the windowsills of almost all windows, while she loves bright, diffused light . Even the southern, most lighted window is not a problem for her, you just need to protect her from direct sunlight. Each species prefers its own temperature and light conditions, but all of them are not against a long (up to 14 hours) daylight hours. In winter, or during periods when daylight hours are shortened, daylight hours can be expanded artificially by illuminating it with a daylight lamp.
Paphiopedilum orchids are divided into 2 types: heat-loving and cold-loving. All variegated types are heat-loving orchids. Their temperature regime in the summer is at the level of + 22-27 ° С, and in the winter - in the range of + 18-24 ° С. Cold-loving types are content with a temperature of + 18-24 ° C in the summer and + 16-20 ° C in the winter. Cold-loving species can be identified by the presence of wide green leaves.
In order for orchids, such as paphiopedilum or any others, such as vanilla, phalaenopsis, denurobium, etc., to feel comfortable and bloom for a long time, it is necessary to ensure a daily temperature fluctuation. This means that the night temperature should be below the daytime by + 3-5 ° C. This rule is unwritten, but orchids respond to such “jumps” in temperature.
Given the fact that a slipper venereum can bloom all year round, it should be watered the same way throughout the year. At the same time, watering should be regular and optimal. Water for irrigation should be warm and as soft as possible. You can use the traditional method of watering, when the pot with the substrate is immersed in a large container of water for 30-50 minutes. If the substrate consists of large fractions, then you can hold it for a longer time, and if it consists of small fractions with the presence of peat, then 10 or 15 minutes is enough.
The next watering should be done as the land is dried in a pot. Water must not be allowed to collect in the pan: it must be drained immediately.
During watering, you should know that all orchids, including Paphiopedilum, do not allow water to enter the leaf sockets. If this happens, it is necessary to get this place wet with a napkin, otherwise the orchid may rot.
In nature, orchids grow in conditions of high humidity (up to 70%). At home, creating her a similar environment is simply not realistic. To increase the air humidity at least in the area of the flower, you can resort to such tricks: install a slipper venus with a flowerpot on a pallet with wet expanded clay, moss or small pebbles. In extreme cases, you can purchase a humidifier. It will never hurt, and the flower will be nice.
In order not to harm, it is better to purchase a ready-made solution designed for feeding orchids.
You can use conventional fertilizer for flowering plants, reducing the concentration by 2 times. Feeding is recommended about 1 time per month. Organic organics can be used much less often, but the substrate quickly deteriorates.
Transplant soil preparation
You can’t do without transplantation, and for this you need to prepare the soil using the following components:
- 5 parts of crushed pine bark.
- 1 part peat.
- 1 part of charcoal.
- 0.5 parts of dolomite flour or shells crushed on a coffee grinder.
If this substrate remains wet for a long time, then peat can be removed from its composition. Venus slipper needs a transplant every 2 years. It is better to choose wide, but not high pots. After 3-4 days, after a transplant, you can begin to water the orchid. She needs to be given some time to adapt to the new pot.
To propagate the venus slipper should be vegetatively, that is - by dividing the bush. When dividing, you need to take at least 2 or 3 sprouts. Thus, it will take root very quickly, and will bloom.
In conclusion, it should be said that the Paphiopedilum orchid will certainly delight others with its unique flowers, if you follow certain growing rules and listen to the advice of flower growers with a certain experience. This rule applies to growing all kinds of decorative flowers at home. It is sometimes very difficult to provide them with the necessary temperature and humidity modes, since most of them are representatives of the tropics or subtropics. But real, passionate about their hobby growers, do not scare anything. Only thanks to such people it becomes possible to see with their own eyes unique plants blooming with original flowers.