Caring for indoor plants is sometimes a daunting task, sometimes house flowers require more attention than soil crops. But, as they say, hunting is more than captivity, and for enthusiasts of indoor floriculture, our site offers tips that will help increase the life span of domestic plants and maintain their health.
Why organic fertilizers are needed
Of course, all plants need mineral top dressing , proper watering and timely transplantation. Poor soil can cause poor growth and even death of plants. Therefore, organic fertilizers and top dressing, which should be combined with special mineral complexes, are of great importance for the health of indoor flowers.
Organic top dressing creates a favorable environment for the life of bacteria involved in the circulation of minerals in the soil. The application of organic fertilizers also helps to improve the structure of the soil. In addition, in the process of decomposition of organic fertilizer, some mineral substances useful for plants are released or formed, which are not contained in most popular complex mineral fertilizers. In addition, such a process of mineralization of the soil is close to natural, because similar processes take place in nature.
Types of Organic Fertilizers
What organic top dressing is meant? You can use compost, and sapropel, and bird droppings, vermicompost, but at home this is not always possible for several reasons. Therefore, it is more convenient to use ready-made, pre-packaged organic fertilizers.
Best of all, over several years of my home experiments with organics, the Ideal has proven itself - a universal tool for feeding soil and flower-potted crops. The “ideal” was created on the basis of biohumus, that is, on the basis of the earthworms vital products. In this regard, it can be considered natural and completely safe. And plants respond well to it, and it costs a lot.
It is very simple to apply “Ideal”: the manufacturer recommends 1-2 tablespoons of the product, without diluting, to pour under the plant. Once every two weeks is more than enough. There is also a good remedy "Palm", which is suitable for all palm and ficus .
Each plant has its own fertilizer needs. For example, a plant purchased in a store can not be fed for 2-3 months, because the soil already has all the necessary substances. The minimum period after which you can start top dressing is 6-7 weeks.
When making fertilizers, remember that the principle “you won’t spoil the porridge with oil” does not apply in this case: excessive use of organic fertilizers can harm plants, because the higher the content of organic fertilizers in the soil, the higher the digestibility of nitrogen, and an excess of nitrogen can slow growth young plants and even chlorosis.
Excess and Lack of Organic Fertilizers
Fortunately, it is not so easy to overdo it with organic fertilizers, since they have a more gentle effect on plants compared to complex mineral fertilizers. In fact, organic fertilizer is the same source of minerals, but in a bound form. Organic fertilizers decompose for a long time, which provides plants with a gradual supply of balanced nutrition.
But the lack of organic fertilizers is a much more frequent phenomenon, and it is expressed differently, depending on which substance is in short supply. If there is a lack of nitrogen , usually the leaves of houseplants become small and stunted, a yellowish tint may appear on them, the number of flowers decreases. It is better to apply nitrogen-containing fertilizers in the spring. Feeding with "Ideal" can be done at any time of the year.
If the plant does not bloom for a long time, the leaves dry out, and the veins on the leaf plate turn purple or red, then this may be due to a lack of phosphates . In this case, you need to make feeding "Ideal" more frequent - up to 1 time per week. Shriveled leaves in plants are likely to indicate potassium deficiency. In this case, to the "Ideal" you can add any mineral fertilizer containing potassium.