Not many growers know that Sansevieria loves spending summer vacations in the fresh air. But in vain! Indeed, for such a “vacation”, a plant with a bunch of the most formidable names will almost certainly thank you with a modest, but such vanilla-aromatic flowering!
How to arrange everything? With the onset of steady spring heat, the pot with sansevieria can be put on a balcony or veranda, but it is even better to transplant the "tongue of Satan" into the open ground. The main thing is not to forget in September to take a rested and strengthened sansevieria home.
An interesting fact: at home, sansevieria most often blooms when ... her pot becomes too small for her! After enjoying the long-awaited flowering, do not forget to transplant a flower.
How to do it right, as well as about the nuances and possible problems in the cultivation of sansevieria, read our article.
Planting and care for Sansevieria
- Flowering: ornamental foliage plant.
- Lighting: partial shade, bright diffused light.
- Temperature: normal for living quarters. In winter, at least 16 ˚C.
- Watering: regular, moderate, in summer - more frequent than in winter.
- Humidity: normal in residential areas.
- Top dressing: during the period of active vegetation, once a month, a fertilizer solution for cacti or decorative foliage plants.
- The rest period: not pronounced.
- Transplant: as soon as the plant becomes a small pot.
- Reproduction: vegetative (division of the rhizome or leafy cuttings).
- Pests: mealybugs, thrips, spider mites.
- Diseases: anthracnose, root rot.
Read more about the cultivation of sansevieria below
Sansevieria , or Sansevier , or Sansevier is a genus of the Asparagus family (in some catalogs - Agave), which includes more than 60 species of evergreen perennial stemless plants from the stony dry regions of the tropics and subtropics of Africa, Madagascar, South Florida, Indonesia and India. This unpretentious, and therefore popular indoor plant in different countries received the nicknames "pike tail", "snake skin", "mother tongue." Its value is that it is indestructible: you can forget about it for a week or two, and it will not perish and will not dry out. In addition, the sansevieria plant is used by designers with pleasure to create floral arrangements and decorate interiors.
Sansevieria flower - growing characteristics
Each plant has its own vagaries, and if you are going to grow this or that flower in the house, you need to familiarize yourself with its agricultural technology and decide whether it suits you or not. Room sansevieria is good in that it requires very little attention, but it looks great.
So, what is interesting sansevieria:
- fertilizing it once a year is enough, but if you do it more often, she will certainly take it with pleasure;
- the best place for sansevieria is the windowsill, because it needs as much natural light as possible, and the heat on the windowsill or cold is not so important for her;
- and yet direct sunlight can cause burns to the plant, so put sansevieria on the windowsill of the window into which the sun looks in late in the evening;
- the worst thing for sansevieria is waterlogging of the soil, it dies from this.
Care for Sansevieria at home
How to care for sansevieria
Any temperature is suitable for sansevieria, air humidity will not particularly affect the growth and appearance of the plant, but still, if you want to see sansevieria in its best form, try not to let the room temperature fall below 16 ºC in winter, and the leaves of sansevieria wash well from time to time.
Caring for sansevieria is primarily the right watering , but experimenting with watering, you risk ruining the flower. Therefore, it is best to take advantage of such an achievement of civilization as a humidity indicator, which can be bought at a flower shop and which will remind you that it is time to water a flower. It is better to use water for irrigation with rain, distilled, or at least standing at room temperature. In winter, the colder the room, the less often you need to water sansevieria. Wash off dust from a plant with a damp sponge.
Often you don’t have to transplant Sansevieria - young plants need a transplant once every two years, mature plants - every three years. You can read about how to transplant sansevieria on many sites, but not everywhere there is information about which earth mix sansevieria prefers: it is better to buy soil for a plant in a flower shop, because the earth from the garden will not suit him.
The composition of the soil should be approximately as follows: one part of sheet land and sand and two parts of turf land. The composition of shop soil also includes perlite or fine gravel.
Sansevieria is transplanted only when the roots of the plant appear from the drain hole of the pot. Choose a thick-walled pot, preferably a clay pot, so that the powerful root system of the plant does not tear it up, and long, heavy leaves do not turn the pot over. The shape of the pot, due to the particular development of the root system, should be wide rather than deep. And remember: the most important thing is a good drainage layer.
In the spring-summer period, you can feed Sansevieria monthly with liquid mineral fertilizers for indoor crops or cacti. Make sure that excess nitrogen does not damage the plant, and in general, try to keep the consistency two times weaker than recommended.
For species with colored stripes, the dose of top dressing must be reduced by three times, otherwise the leaves may lose their decorative effect and become monotonously green.
Reproduction of Sansevieria
Sansevieria rhizome division
Sansevieria is propagated by division of the rhizome, lateral shoots and division of the leaf. It is most convenient to divide the rhizome of the plant during the spring transplant: with a sharp knife, cut the rhizome so that there is a growth point on each part. Seat the divided sansevieria in different pots and place them in a warm place. Water moderately. This method is suitable for both monophonic and variegated types of sansevieria.
Reproduction of Sansevieria by division of the leaf
Also a simple procedure. The old sheet is cut into pieces 4-5 cm long, it is slightly dried in air, then the lower end is immersed in sand at an angle of 45 °, covered with a jar or a cut plastic bottle and, with moderate lower watering (water is poured into the pan of the pot), root.
After 30-40 days, as soon as the leaf takes root and produces buds, from which young leaves appear, the plant is transplanted into a pot with soil. This method is suitable only for monophonic types of sansevieria: even if you root a striped leaf, the baby will grow green anyway.
Properties of sansevieria
Sansevieria contains many biologically active substances, but the most popular of them are saponins, which, when used correctly, bring significant benefits. Traditional medicine uses saponins for the production of choleretic, anti-inflammatory, laxative and expectorant drugs. Alternative medicine treats cystitis, inflammation of the oral cavity, otitis media, cuts and other skin lesions with sansevieria.
The foaming properties of saponins are used in the cosmetic industry in the production of liquid soaps and shampoos. It is not recommended to use the plant for medicinal purposes to pregnant women, since the substances contained in it have an abortive effect.
Types of Sansevieria
Sansevieria has a creeping rhizome with basal leaves, powerful and tough, reaching a height of 1 meter or more. Leaf color - different shades of green and brown, some have stripes or spots. The flowering of sansevieria is not very attractive: white and greenish flowers, collected in cylindrical inflorescences, opening to the sunset, exude a delicate vanilla aroma. The fruit is a berry with several seeds, but in indoor conditions, sansevieria rarely bears fruit. The most famous types of sansevieria:
Sansevieria Grande (Sansevieria grandis)
Perennial, a rosette of 2-4 juicy light green leaves 30-60 cm long and up to 15 cm wide. Dark transverse stripes pass along the leaves, and a reddish rim along the edge;
In the photo: Sansevieria the Great (Sansevieria grandis)
The plant is up to half a meter high, leaves grow in a bunch of 2-4 pieces, length from 14 cm to 45 cm, width - up to 7 cm. The color of the leaves is dark green with light green W-shaped strokes, the edges of the leaves are reddish or whitish;
In the photo: Sansevieria hyacinthoides
Unexpressed leaf succulent, forming rosettes containing up to 20 flat erect leaves up to 40 cm long and up to 3 cm wide. The leaf color is green with a dark green pattern;
In the photo: Sansevieria Dooneri
Sansevieria graceful (Sansevieria gracilis)
Or graceful sansevieria - perennial succulent: leaves cover the base of the stem 5-6 cm high. The leaves are leathery, oval, long-pointed gray-green with gray-beige transverse stains;
In the photo: Sansevieria graceful or graceful (Sansevieria gracilis)
This plant has a short rhizome and rosettes with a small amount of green leaves with whitish spots with a red-brown edging on the edge. There are varieties with brown or red-brown leaves;
In the photo: Sansevieria Kirk (Sansevieria kirkii)
Sansevieria Liberian (Sansevieria liberica)
Unexpressed leaf succulent with expanded rosettes of 6 flat leaves parallel to the ground. The length of the leaves sometimes reaches 100 cm in length and 8 cm in width, but this is only with very large specimens. The color of the leaves is dark green with fuzzy light green stains and strokes, along the edge of the sheet is a thin reddish-white or brown stripe.
In the photo: Sansevieria Liberian (Sansevieria liberica)
But in indoor floriculture, the most common species is three-lane sansevieria - a tall plant with sword-like leaves of green or green color with a yellow border. Also in favor with fans of the Sansevieria Rosette are three-lane Hani (Sansevieria trifasciata Hahnii) with green or striped leaves. They are very beautiful and unpretentious, in addition, you already know how to care for sansevieria.
In the photo: Sansevieria three-lane (Sansevieria trifasciata)