Pelargonium Norland belongs to varieties with terry buds, which are very highly valued in home floriculture because of its high decorativeness. A delicate flower requires special care, which they begin to plan before purchasing seedlings.
Pelargonium Norland - what kind of flower is it, to which family belongs
Pelargonium Norrland is a plant obtained by crossing terry and ornamental crops.
Brief description, history of origin or selection
The main characteristic feature of the flower is large spherical soft pink inflorescences, which look very much like peonies. Small sheet plates are oval. They are painted in a gentle light greenish tint and soft to the touch.
The variety Norland has terry flowers.
Growing Pelargonium Norrland at home, rules for care
If you follow all the rules of care, the flower will not cause problems and hassle.
Illumination and temperature
Geranium Norland loves a lot of light, and ceases to bloom brightly and plentifully when it is lacking. It is worthwhile to foresee the option of the appearance of burns on the leaf plates of the bush, and put the flower in a place with diffused light or on the eastern windows.
The room should be warm, but not stuffy. In the summer, it is useful to ventilate the shrub at least twice a week. In summer, the optimum temperature of the pelargonium content is + 18 ... +25 degrees, with the advent of winter it is gradually lowered to + 12 ... +14 degrees.
Important! Ventilating the plant, it is not necessary to arrange strong drafts, they have a very negative effect on flowering.
Watering rules and humidity
The soil must be constantly moist, so you need to regularly irrigate. Their frequency will depend on the season: in the summer in the heat of the flower is watered at least 3 times a week, but with the advent of winter, the frequency of watering should be reduced to 1-2 times. So that excess water does not accumulate in the ground, it is loosened after each irrigation.
Water must be of high quality and clean, do not use tap water. First, for almost 5-6 hours, it is defended in a wide and shallow container. It is stirred from time to time to remove all chlorine. Water temperature should be identical to room temperature.
It is necessary to maintain humidity at 70%. To increase it, it is recommended to spray the bush from the spray gun.
The soil for cultivation must be nutritious and loose.
Top dressing and soil quality
For feeding Pelargonium Norland use only mineral fertilizers. Organics has too much effect on the roots of all types of geraniums. Top dressing is carried out in liquid form twice a month.
Important! Fertilizers are applied only during the growing season and flowering.
A flower needs a nutrient substrate. It is prepared by mixing light turfy soil, peat, humus and coarse sand. The last component is necessary for good breathability and elimination of moisture stagnation. To increase soil drainage, a separate drainage layer is covered at the bottom of the pot: expanded clay or brick chips, small pebbles, gravel.
Flower Tank Size
The pot for growing should be selected depending on the width and length of the root system. You do not need to choose too spacious a container, this can cause flowering to stop.
Pruning and transplanting
The bush needs to be regularly cut to remove old and dried shoots, and also thin out. For this, young lateral or internal adult stems are removed. This procedure improves the quality of flowering.
The upper part of the bush is rapidly gaining growth, but the root develops more slowly, so it is enough to transplant 1 time in 2-3 years. Geranium does not like frequent transplants.
Note! When planting a shrub in a new pot, it is necessary to completely replace the old soil and fill all the voids between the rhizomes with a new nutrient substrate.
Features of flowering plants
Pelargonium is famous for its bright and abundant flowering, which makes the flower very popular. The bush begins to dissolve the first buds after wintering at the end of April or in May. Flowering continues until September.
Large flowers of Pelargonium form lush inflorescences with a diameter of up to 20 cm. There are two types of color of the petals: pink and scarlet. Red Pelargonium Norland (Red Sport) has a different description of the buds from the pink appearance - they are smaller in size and not too densely located in the inflorescences.
Ways to propagate a flower when it's best done
At home, the culture is propagated mainly by rooting cuttings, although sometimes the seed method is also used.
Propagation by cuttings
Cuttings can be cut from any shoot, but it is advisable to use strong and healthy biennial shoots. The length of each segment should be at least 10-13 cm and have at least 3 sheets. They are dipped for a couple of hours in a root-stimulating solution and only then they are buried in a moistened and fertilized soil mixture. Fully rooted root in 1-1.5 months.
Cutting is the easiest way to propagate geraniums
To grow seedlings, planting material is soaked in a disinfecting solution and deepened to a depth of 1-2 cm in the substrate. It is better to spray the earth from the spray gun, and not to water. On top of the box must be covered with a film and put in a warm and bright place.
Growing problems, diseases and pests
The most common diseases of pelargonium:
- Root rot - if untreated, it can turn into stem. The cause of the disease is waterlogging of the soil and hypothermia of the bush.
- Gray rot is an infectious disease. It infects the bush very quickly and is characterized by darkening of the stems and the appearance of black spots on the leaves.
- Whitefly - eats fleshy parts, thereby causing wilting and stopping flowering of the bush.
- Mealybug - secretes white mucus, which then covers the surface of leaf plates. Over time, they begin to blacken.
A plant affected by a fungus must be treated immediately
How to deal with them
When fungal diseases appear, you need to transplant the bush into a new soil. It’s better to get rid of the old pot right away. The roots of the bush should be held in a disinfecting solution, and cut off dead and affected areas with a knife.
Important! In the fight against insects, it is better to immediately use special chemicals - insecticides.
Pelargonium Norland will decorate any interior with its decorative look. Simple bush care requires only compliance with the rules and the regularity of events.