Forsythia video. As soon as the snow melts, snowdrops bloom, at the same time, the amazing Forsythia shrub blooms, which will be discussed today. The name "Forsythia" is given in honor of the Scottish botanist-gardener William Forsyth, he was also one of the founders of the Royal Botanical Society. In Russia, in the culture of Forsythia since 1917. In nature, Forsythia grows in the deciduous forests of the Korean peninsula. Of the seven existing species, I would recommend oval forsythia or ovate forsythia, the Latin name forsythia is “ovata”. Since it is the most winter-hardy, does not require shelter for the winter, it is also very drought-resistant and unpretentious.
Forsythia - video
Forsythia blooms one of the first and fills our garden with spring mood. Its main advantage is that the flowers appear on the shoots earlier than the leaves. The flowers of the ovata forsythia are up to 2 cm in diameter. In general, the shrub grows to a height of 1.5-2 m and a width of about 2 m. I would recommend that it be formed at the level of 1.3 m or 1.5 m, also in the diameter does not allow it to reach 2-meter size, since we have small gardens and I want to place a lot of plants in them.
Detailed information from the photo about the planting of Forsythia and the care of it .
Forsythia is very unpretentious in leaving. In the spring, right now, when the flowers bloomed on them, you can make a complex fertilizer with trace elements, after 2 weeks - about a month later - you can repeat feeding. If fertilizers are not applied, it will continue to grow anyway, it will not affect in any way, but it will also be grateful to you for organic fertilizer during the season.
Forsythia easily propagated by seeds, cuttings, air layering. In the middle of summer, we can cut half-lignified shoots of 20 centimeters, make a substrate of well-rotted peat and sand, plant cuttings there. It is advisable to cover them with a film or a five-liter bottle. For better rooting of the cuttings, Forsythia can be soaked in root or kept in a heteroauxin solution.
Forsythia flowering lasts 10-20 days, after which seeds that can be sown ripen in October. Seedlings bloom for 4-5 years.
Forsythia flowers have a delicate sweet aroma, but it is felt only in the vicinity of the bush.
For forcing is easy enough to pick up neighbors, it can be Cossack juniper , spirea , Thunberg barberries and other plants. The most amazing combination can be obtained when planting Forsythia and Ledebur rhododendron or deura rhododendron . Since they bloom at the same time, it is very plentiful, completely covering the branches with flowers, and lilac and yellow colors work well.
Forsythia needs annual pruning. Today we will mercilessly cut this instance. We drew a shape in our head, usually it is a spherical shape, and everything that goes visually beyond its borders will be cut off. When pruning, we try not to leave stumps, we make a cut immediately above the kidney, and so that the branches grow outward. That is, in the direction of kidney growth, you can determine in which direction the future branch will grow. If I cut here, the branch will grow in approximately the same direction. If I make a cut here, the branch will grow outward. Semi-lignified shoots can also be used for rooting. That is, we cut off everything that sticks out and goes beyond the boundaries of the sphere drawn visually. So that the crown is well lit, ventilated, not thickened, we cut off all branches that grow inward. No need to feel sorry, we do good.
If Forsythia has become too old, blooms poorly and takes up a lot of space - you can "put it on a stump." So called radical pruning at the soil level. Forsythia after such pruning is quickly restored, it will give many new shoots that will delight you with beautiful flowers.
For the spring holidays, you can distill the sprouts of Forsythia, that is, in January-February, cut branches and put them in the water. Forsythia flowers can decorate any interior.
Let me remind you once again that Forsythia is very unpretentious. Forsythia “ovata” species is oval, ovoid - the most winter-hardy, drought-resistant, practically not affected by diseases and pests.
Forsythia looks good as a tapeworm and as part of complex compositions. It is suitable for both large parks and small gardens. Forsythia shrubs are planted at a distance of 2 m.
There are 2 mistakes you can make in the care of forsythia: to plant it too close to other shrubs, and the second is to apply fertilizer in late August or late autumn. The fact is that the shoots must ripen and prepare for winter, that is, in no case should any fertilizers be applied in late August and autumn. Organic and mineral fertilizers are applied once a month between May and July.