Syngonium is related to philodendrons, so people give this plant masculine properties. Feng Shui experts recommend keeping a protective amulet in the house where the syngonium grows.
However, those who do not pay attention to such superstitions and live their own minds, see in syngonium only an attractive evergreen vine.
- What types and varieties of syngonium are most popular in indoor culture?
- In what conditions should syngonium be kept?
- How to care for the plant during the period of active growth and how is winter care for the plant different?
- How is syngonium propagated?
You will find answers to all questions about syngonium in our article.
Landing and caring for syngonium
- Flowering: grown as a decorative foliage plant.
- Lighting: bright diffused light or partial shade (western or eastern window sills).
- Temperature: in the summer - 20-22 ˚C, in the winter - 18-20 ˚C.
- Watering: plentiful. Between watering, the top layer of the substrate should dry.
- Humidity: above normal. It is recommended to spray the leaves with water in the summer and wipe them with a damp sponge, and in winter it is advisable to keep the pot with the plant away from heating appliances on a pallet with wet pebbles.
- Top dressing: from April to September once every 2-3 weeks with a solution of mineral fertilizer for decorative and deciduous plants with a low calcium content. In the remaining time of the year, feeding is not carried out.
- Garter, pinching, shaping: regularly.
- Rest period: approximately from October to February.
- Transplant: in the spring, at the beginning of active growth. Young plants are transplanted annually, mature plants - once every 2-3 years.
- Reproduction: apical cuttings, less often - seeds.
- Pests: aphids, thrips, scale insects.
- Diseases: rot of stems, root rot.
Read more about growing syngonium below
The syngonium plant (lat. Syngonium) belongs to the genus of evergreen perennials of the Aroid family, growing in the tropical forests of South and Central America. “Syn” in Latin means “united”, “gone” - ovule. Liana syngonium is the closest relative of philodendrons , also half-epiphytic, but somewhat more elegant in outline. More than thirty species of this plant are found in nature, but the indoor flower syngonium is represented by only two or three species.
Syngonium flower - description
Syngonium flowers are grassy climbing plants with thin stems on which aerial roots develop, clinging to any support. The leaves of young syngoniums are whole, swept, their color is much brighter than that of old ones, in which the leaf plate eventually becomes dissected into several segments - from 3 to 7. Not only the elegant shape, but also the color of the leaves of syngonium attracts flower growers - plain or mottled, with silver strokes, strokes, stains. The background of the leaves is also diverse - from bright green to almost white. Syngonium flowers, like all Aroid ones, have a green cob with a pinkish or red bract in the form of a bedspread, but the syngonium does not bloom at home.
The syngonium milky juice is poisonous, like the juice of all Aroid ones, when it enters the mucous membrane, it causes irritation, so readers often wonder if the syngonium can be kept at home. If you place the plant in the kitchen, in a place inaccessible to children and animals, then there will be no trouble. You can keep the syngonium in your office or bedroom, the doors to which should always be closed.
Caring for syngonium at home
How to care for syngonium
Caring for syngonium is simple and easy. It is better to place it in partial shade or on the western or eastern window sills, although the syngonium indoor plant can withstand well and bright diffused light - just so that direct sunlight does not fall on it, from which its leaves fade. In winter, the syngonium flower needs more light than in the summer - at this time, due to insufficient lighting, its leaves become small and colorless. The most comfortable temperature for the plant in summer is 20-22 ºC, in winter the temperature in the room where syngonium grows should not fall below 16 ºC.
The humidity of the syngonium is required higher than usual, so in summer its leaves should be sprayed or washed with warm, settled water using a soft sponge, and in winter it is better to keep the pot with the plant away from working heating batteries or put it on a pallet with wet pebbles, but so that the bottom does not stood in the water.
It is necessary to water the syngonium abundantly, using settled water at room temperature, not forgetting to drain its excess from the pan. Between watering, the top layer of the substrate should dry. In winter, watering is reduced, if only the syngonium does not winter in a too warm room with dry air.
In addition, the syngonium needs to be shaped, but before pinching the syngonium, think about what shape you would like to give it. You can grow it as an ampel plant, or you can, having planted several shoots in one pot, form a bush. And if you use the support in the form of a tube, you can grow this vine as a tree. However, every spring it is necessary to remove last year's low-quality growth, and to make branching young plants pinch over the sixth leaf.
From April to September, the syngonium needs to be fed with liquid mineral fertilizers for decorative and deciduous plants with a low calcium content about once every two to three weeks. In winter, the plant does not need fertilizing.
Caring for a room syngonium involves a timely transplant. Young creepers are transplanted every spring, and those older are two to three years later, when the roots appear from the drainage hole of the pot. Soil syngonium needs a loose, water and breathable, neutral or slightly acidic reaction - pH 6-7. Here is an approximate composition that would be suitable for growing syngonium: one part of turf, leafy land, peat and sand.
If you want to grow a syngonium in the form of a tree, before transplanting the plant, put a layer of drainage in a new syngonium pot, install and fix the support. Then pour a third of the volume of soil to the bottom, then move the syngonium into the pot, spreading all the roots, and then gradually fill up the required amount of soil in a circle, ramming it lightly. Do not forget to water the syngonium after transplantation and do not fertilize it for 2-3 weeks.
Pests and diseases of syngonium
Of the insects, aphids, thrips and scale insects are primarily dangerous for syngonium. As a result of the vital activity of these pests, the plant loses its decorativeness - leaves of the syngonium turn yellow, deform, dry and fall, and the plant itself slows down or even stops growing. To combat insects, spraying the syngonium with solutions of such drugs as phytoverm, actellic or decis in the ratio specified in the instructions is used.
But syngonium turns yellow not only from the attack of insects, sometimes it happens from a lack of nutrients in the soil, the appearance of too small and discolored leaves is also evidence of this. If the tips of the leaves darken and dry at the syngonium, after which the leaves fall off, this is a signal that the air in the room is too dry. And when you are fond of hydrating syngonium, the leaves of the plant become dull and dull. Leaves grow dull when the plant lacks light.
If you are unaware of how to grow a syngonium - seeds or vegetatively, then it propagates by apical cuttings with two or three nodes or a part of the shoot, on which there should be at least one peephole (kidney). Rooted cuttings either in water with the addition of one tablet of activated carbon, or in sand, or in vermiculite, in sphagnum or in a mixture of sand with peat or sand with sphagnum. The apical cuttings planted for rooting, as well as the horizontal parts of the shoot laid horizontally on the ground, are placed under transparent polyethylene and kept in a warm place with a temperature of 25-27 ºC. When the cuttings are rooted, they are planted in pots one at a time or several in one so that the plant grows in a bush.
Types and varieties of syngonium
Syphonium podophyllum, or peduncle (Syngonium podophyllum)
Originally from Central America, it is an intensively branching vine with a thin stem. It served as the basis for the breeding of many wonderful varieties of indoor syngonium. Its young leaves on a long petiole of dark green color, arrow-shaped, in adulthood become many times dissected. Annual growth is 45-60 cm. Varieties:
- Pixie - dwarf variegated syngonium;
- Arrow - a widespread variegated, unpretentious in care, rapidly growing form;
- White Butterfly is a large-leaved, fast-growing cultivar up to one and a half meters high, undemanding, breeds at any time of the year.
Syngonium auricular, or ear-shaped (Syngonium auritum)
Climbing vine, with stems 2-2.5 cm thick and with aerial roots formed in internodes. It grows up to 180 cm, and in a year it can give an increase of 70-90 cm. The leaves are shiny, green in color, with the shape of the plate changing over time: young leaves are arrow-shaped, then triple or five times dissected with two small ear-shaped segments at the base, on the petiole length 30-40 cm.
Syndonium Wendland (Syngonium wendlandii)
Species plant native to Costa Rica, root climbing vine with tripartite green leaves with a velvety surface. Decorative qualities surpass even the best cultivars of the single-leafed or podophyllous syngonium.
Large-leaved syngonium (Syngonium macrophyllum)
Unique plant from Ecuador and Mexico. It is a little similar to other types of syngonium, but belonging to the genus gives out the milky juice of the plant. This is a large vine with rounded, pointed to the top leaves of a dull green color, with veins distinctly appearing on the lower side of the plate, on long petioles covered with a waxy coating. Fast-growing unpretentious drought-tolerant species. Unfortunately, the culture is not too well known.