Fatsia (Latin Fatsia) is a monotypic genus that is part of the Araliev family - Fatsia japonica (Japanese fatsia) .
Since 1910, at home, a mixture has often been grown between ivy and fatsia - Fatshedera.
Home Fatsia is often used to decorate pillars, walls and shop windows. Also make out and interiors. Fatsies growing in pots adorn baskets. A plant in just a couple of years can grow to a height of 1 m, if you take proper care of it and constantly feed it. To form a beautiful crown, nothing should interfere with the plant.
Fatsia planting and care
- Flowering: the plant is grown as a decorative foliage.
- Lighting: variegated species need bright diffused light, and green-leaf varieties are comfortable and in partial shade.
- Temperature: from spring to autumn - 17-21 ºC, in winter - 13-15 ºC. For variegated forms, the lower temperature limit is 16 ºC.
- Watering: during the period of active growth - as soon as the top layer of the soil dries up, and during the cool wintering it is only necessary to prevent the substrate from completely drying out.
- Humidity: increased. Regular spraying and washing with a damp sponge is recommended.
- Top dressing: during the growing season - every week with mineral or organic fertilizers. In a cold wintering, the plant is not fed, and when keeping Fatsia in winter, fertilizers are applied once a month.
- Pruning: in spring. Some types of Fatsia need constant shortening of shoots.
- Transplant: once every three years in the spring or early summer.
- Substrate: turf, leaf, humus earth and sand in equal parts.
- Reproduction: cuttings, seeds and layering.
- Pests: whiteflies, scale insects, spider mites and mealybugs.
- Diseases: Fatsy has problems with leaves due to improper care or violation of the conditions of detention.
- Properties: plant fatsiya Japanese poisonous!
Read more about growing Fatsia below
Fatsia - photo
Fatsia care at home
Despite the fact that indoor Fatsia loves light, it should not be exposed to the sun. The plant even tolerates shade well, but only green-leaved species; Fatsii with variegated leaves require more light, so only species with green leaves are suitable for growing on the north side. Optimal are eastern and western windows. On the south side, the Fatsia plant needs indoor shading from direct sunlight. Fatsia also grows well when illuminated by fluorescent lamps. In summer, you can take Fatsia out, but you should shade it from the sun.
The best temperature for Fatsia at home in spring and summer is from 17 to 21 ° C. In winter, the plant feels fine at room temperature, but the cooler temperature (up to 15 ° C maximum) in good light is optimal. At too high temperatures in winter, the Fatsia flower needs more lighting, possibly with fluorescent lamps. Variegated forms should not tolerate winter temperatures below 16 ° C.
In summer, Fatsia should be watered as soon as the topsoil dries. Watering, starting in autumn, needs to be reduced, and in winter, when the plant is kept at a cool temperature, watering is reduced significantly, making sure that the soil does not dry out. If the air temperature is not very low, watering is reduced slightly - you just need to remember to drain the water from the pan 2-3 hours after watering. It must be remembered that excessive watering, as well as drying out the soil, adversely affect the plant. If you dry the soil at least 1 time, then the leaves will go down and it will be difficult to raise them - even the most plentiful watering is unlikely to help. We'll have to tie the leaves with a rope, but this will not guarantee that everything will be as before.
Large Fatsia leaves require regular spraying with standing water, as well as wiping with a dampened soft cloth. In hot weather, the plant can make a warm shower. In winter, you need to spray less often - a direct dependence on the temperature in the room.
Indoor Fatsia needs to be fed weekly with mineral or organic fertilizers in the spring, summer and autumn. At low temperatures, they are not fed in the winter, and at higher temperatures, they are not fed more than once a month.
Fatsia at home tolerates pruning. To form a lush bush, you need to pinch the tops of shoots in young plants. Fatshedera Lice needs constant pruning.
The plant is transplanted into a pot significantly larger than the previous one in early summer or spring once every three years. The formation of several new trunks in Fatsia is possible due to radical offspring. The earthen mixture is slightly acidic or neutral. Most often mixed in one part of turf, humus, leafy soil, sand and peat. Another suitable mixture is 2 parts of leaf humus, one part of garden soil and sod, as well as 1 part of peat and half of sand. Do not forget about drainage - it should occupy 1 / 5-1 / 4 of the pot. Fatsia grows great on hydroponics.
Fatsia propagation by cuttings
Propagated by apical cuttings mainly in the spring. At a temperature of 23-27 ° C in a wet mixture of sand and peat, the plant very quickly takes root. Cuttings should have several buds - they are covered with a jar and wait for rooting. After the Fatsia indoor plant takes root, the cuttings are planted in separate pots. These plants will be short, but very dense bushes.
Seeds are sown in boxes or pots to a depth of 1 cm in a mixture of sand, sheet soil and turf (1: 1: 1). When the temperature is maintained at around 18 ° C, seedlings will appear. After the sprouts of Fatsia are strengthened, they need to be transplanted into pots of 9-11 cm in diameter in a substrate of sod, humus and sand (in a ratio of 2: 1: 1). One seedling is planted in a pot and put on a lighted place.
Fatsia propagation by layering
If you adhere to all the points indicated from above, the plant will be covered with leaves from top to bottom, but if it somehow happened, then part of the trunk is bare, then with the help of an air layer you can rejuvenate Fatsia. In spring, make a small incision on the trunk of a Fatsia plant, cover the incision with moist moss soaked in a nutrient solution (the solution must be made from complex fertilizer at the rate of 1 g of fertilizer per 1 liter of water), and wrap over it with a film. Moss should not dry out, so it must be constantly wetted. The roots should appear at the site of the cut in a few months, and after a couple of months, cut off the upper part of Fatsia just below the place where the roots formed and planted in another pot. The trunk of an old plant can be cut to the root, covered with moss and continue to water - over time, it can let out several shoots. Another option is not to cut the remaining stump under the root, but to plant ivy on it, which is part of the same family, - the ivy will take root on the trunk perfectly. As a result, you can get a beautiful tree with hanging branches.
You need to know that Fatsia japonica is poisonous. You need to wash your hands after touching the plant.
Fatsia Diseases and Pests
Spots on the leaves of Fatsia. If the earthen lump is overdried, then brown spots may appear on the leaves. Worse than that - the leaves of Fatsia will wilt. Raising them will be very difficult.
Fatsia leaves frown. At very low humidity, the Fatsia leaf plate becomes brittle. And if there is still too much light, the leaves will wrinkle.
Fatsia leaves fade. If the plant is poured, the leaves wither. If the plant is poured regularly, then the roots may begin to rot.
Pests of Fatsia. Often damaged by whiteflies and mealybugs , scale insects and spider mites .
Types of Fatsia
Fatsia Japanese / Fatsia japonica
Or Japanese Aralia (Aralia japonica). It lives along the Japanese sea coast. Evergreen unbranched shrubs up to 2 m in height. Leaves 5-9 are lobed, cordate-rounded, glossy, leathery up to 30 cm in diameter. Color - green, white-motley or yellow-motley. Petioles are long. White flowers, umbellate inflorescences. Fatsia japonica var. argenteimarginatis - the leaves have a white border around the edge. Fatsia japonica aureimarginatis - the margin around the edge of the leaves is yellow. Fatsia japonica var. moseri is a dense squat plant.
Evergreen shrub growing over 5 m in height, densely covered with leaves; Leaves 3-5-fingered, leathery, dark green.