Beloperone - description
Beloperone (lat. Beloperone) belongs to the Acanthus family and has about 60 species of plants growing in the tropics and subtropics of America. Some scholars believe that beloperone is related to the genus Justicia (Justice). The name Beloperone is a combination of two Greek words: “belos” - an arrow and “perone” - a spearhead, apparently due to the arrow-shaped form of the anther binder.
The plant of white perone is a shrubbery and shrubbery with underdeveloped shoots, either bare or slightly pubescent, with the same bare or slightly pubescent leaves, ovoid or lanceolate; axillary yellow, orange, red, and sometimes pink or white flowers, sometimes single, sometimes numerous, are collected in semi-umbrellas.
Grown in cool, well-lit rooms. With proper care, you can achieve rapid growth and almost constant flowering.
Planting and caring for beloperone
- Flowering: with good care, the plant can bloom all year round.
- Lighting: bright diffused light with a small amount of direct sunlight in the morning or evening.
- Temperature: in spring and summer - moderate, 18-20 ºC, in autumn and winter - 12-16 ºC.
- Watering: in the warm season - infrequent, but plentiful, in autumn and winter - after the top layer of the substrate has dried.
- Humidity: increased. It is recommended to place the plant on a pallet with wet expanded clay and conduct regular spraying.
- Top dressing: with a full mineral complex: in spring and summer - twice a month, in autumn and winter - once every 3 weeks. When kept in winter in cool conditions - once a month.
- Pruning: in spring, the shoots are cut in half.
- Rest period: not pronounced, but in winter it is necessary.
- Transplant: in the spring, young plants - annually, or even twice a year, mature - as the roots fill the pot.
- Substrate: in two parts of turf and leaf land, in one part of humus, peat land and sand.
- Reproduction: seeds and cuttings.
- Pests: aphids and spider mites.
- Diseases: The plant is resistant to disease, but may suffer from poor care and inadequate maintenance.
Read more about growing beloperone below
Beloperone - photo
Care for beloperone at home
At home Beloperone needs bright diffused light, although a small amount of direct sunlight in the early morning or at sunset will not damage him, only midday rays are harmful. You can keep the plant near the south or southeast window, but it will be best at the west or east windows. To make the plant bloom better in winter, you can add fluorescent lighting.
The air temperature in spring and summer should be moderate - 18-20 ° C, in autumn and winter - not lower than 12 ° C, but not higher than 16 ° C, otherwise the plant can arrange leaf fall.
In the warm season, the white-perone plant in room conditions requires abundant, but not frequent watering - the soil should be allowed to dry, but not overdry, and not waterlogged during irrigation. In the cold season, you need to water as only the top soil layer dries up, because with more severe drying, the plant can drop leaves and flowers.
Since the white flower Peroperon loves high humidity, it is possible to spray the plant from time to time using this method of moisturizing and as a prophylaxis against pests. It will be comfortable to flowerpot with a plant in a pan with wet peat or expanded clay.
Top dressing is carried out with a full range of fertilizers: in the spring and summer period - a couple of times a month, in the autumn-winter period - twice every three months. If the cultivation of beloperone takes place at a temperature above 18 ° C, then once a month.
Since indoor white-perone is a fast-growing plant, it requires a lot of attention: you need to trim and pinch the plant in order to achieve a good bud formation and to maintain the crown in a neat condition. It is also necessary to remove faded inflorescences in time. In order for the white perone flower to have a more magnificent appearance, it is cut in the spring to half the length of the branches, or even two-thirds, then it is fed with mineral fertilizers, and the trimmed branches are used as cuttings for propagation.
In addition, from cropped shoots, you can try to grow ampelous plant species or to grow a stump by cutting growing branches. A tall plant is formed like this: as it grows, all the lower side branches are removed, and the bare trunk is attached to the support; when the tree reaches the desired height, the top is nipped off, leaving several side shoots nearby, which they also pinch from time to time, forming a crown.
Transplant of beloperone
The plant is transplanted when the roots fill the entire pot. Young beloperone - annually, unless intensive growth makes you transplant the plant twice during the summer. When transplanting, try not to damage the root system. An earthen mixture is recommended of this composition: two parts of leaf and sod soil, one part of peat, humus and sand with the addition of bone meal.
The seeds of home-made white perone are sown at the end of winter - the beginning of spring in a substrate of sheet soil and sand. It is best to build a greenhouse with bottom heating and maintain a temperature of 20-22 ° C. Shoots dive into the substrate from the sheet and turf soil and sand, pinching the tops to enhance growth and branching.
Reproduction of beloperone cuttings
Cuttings are made from January to August, depending on when you want to get a flowering plant. If white perone cuttings were rooted in August-September, then a new plant will bloom next spring, if in January, you will see flowers at the beginning of this summer. Used annual shoots 10-15 cm long with two leaves, which are rooted in a mixture of peat and sand and covered with a glass cap. The lower heating and the treatment of cuttings with growth stimulants accelerate rooting. At a temperature of 20-25 ° C, constant spraying and airing after 2-3 weeks, roots are formed, and the cuttings are transplanted into the substrate from sheet, humus and peat soil in equal proportions with the addition of a small amount of sand, and when the plants take root and begin to grow, the tops better to pinch.
Diseases and pests of beloperone
In the early spring, beloperone loses its decorative effect after heavy trimming.
Beloperone leaves fall and turn yellow. If in winter the plant is too dark and damp, it may turn yellow, and if it is too dry and warm, then the leaves may fall.
Spots on leaves of white peron. Direct sunlight can burn the leaves, and they will lose their color, becoming dirty rusty.
The flowers and leaves of beloperone fall off. Overdrying the substrate can cause the plant to drop leaves, buds, and flowers.
Pests of beloperone. The main pests: spider mites and aphids .
Types of Beloperone
Beloperone drip / Beloperone guttata
Or the Mexican beauty is from Mexico, therefore, evergreen, reaches a height of 1 m, extremely branchy; the leaves are ovoid or oval, opposite, narrowed to the petiole, pubescent both above and below, reach 7 cm in length; the flowers are collected in dense drooping spike-shaped apical inflorescences of white color up to 20 cm long, located in the axils of large pubescent bracts of yellow, reddish or yellow-green color.
Veloperone guttata var. longispica purpurea - a variety of Mexican beauty - a shrub up to 80 cm high, also branching abundantly, shoots drooping, thin; green leaves, slightly pubescent, oval-pointed; flowers are white, bracts are reddish. As an ornamental plant is a value, as it blooms all year round.
Beloperone plumbagolistnaya / Вeloperone plumbaginifolia
Or white-perone pig-leaved. The birthplace of the plant is Brazil. Sparsely branched shrub, straight branches; leaves are bare, leathery, lanceolate, slightly pointed; flowers are purple-red, 5-6 cm long, are in axillary inflorescences, stipules and bracts are lanceolate.