Ornamental shrubs are very popular in landscape design. Among them are many flowering plants:
and many, many others.
A special place in the decoration of household plots and summer cottages, as well as parks and squares, is occupied by a buddha. This is a beautiful plant in all respects, which does not require special conditions, but at the same time is a real decoration of the garden. From our article you will learn about all the advantages of buddley, as well as how this plant propagates, and how to care for it throughout the season.
Saving the dying buddley
Buddley is an unpretentious plant. One of its great features is drought tolerance: this shrub does not like stagnant water in the roots and frequent watering. If the buddley is watered too often, its roots may rot and the plant will die. This happened with my pink buddhley, which this year I saved from death. I dug up its large lignified root, but could not break it with a shovel, and I had to saw off the damaged part of the root, and I planted the remaining healthy part in the ground in the hope that my plant would depart, which eventually happened.
So keep in mind: if your shrub disappears, do not rush to destroy it, dig up the roots and see if you can save the plant.
Buddley propagation by green apical cuttings
A buddha propagates both by seeds and by cuttings, but I do not deal with seed propagation, since this is a very difficult, tedious and long process. In addition, during seed propagation, shrubs do not always retain their varietal qualities, but buddleya cuttings propagate beautifully . This bush with white flowers (unfortunately, I do not know the name of the variety) grew from a bush that grew on our street near one of the shops. I really liked this bush in bloom, but I did not even know what it was called. Passing by, I broke off a branch directly with an inflorescence, came home, cut the inflorescence, immediately stuck this branch into the damp ground near the tap, covered it with a plastic bottle and completely forgot about it.
Some time passed, and I, running to the tap while watering the plants, drew attention to this bottle, under which many green leaves formed. I lifted it and, to my surprise, saw that the buddleya stalk was rooted and gave new shoots that filled the entire interior of the bottle. This plant is how well propagated: they forgot about this stalk, but it nevertheless took root, gave shoots and leaves. Of course, I accidentally chose such a good place - near the tap, where the humidity is constant: we rinse the buckets here, splash water out of them. In this place, we have partial shade from a peach growing nearby , and excellent conditions were obtained for the buddley.
Cutting buddley is a simple procedure. You need to cut or break off a 10-15 cm long shoot with at least one pair of leaves at any time during the growing season, remove the inflorescence from the cuttings, if any, plant the cuttings in moist soil and cover with a bottle. You can plant the cuttings in the cuticle. It is necessary to keep the rooting plant in partial shade, because in the bright sun, and even under the bottle, the stalk will burn. After a while, the buddha will form roots, will grow, and you can put it in a permanent place, which I did.
Buddley propagation by lignified cuttings
You can take for propagation not only green, but also lignified cuttings that appear on a buddley in the fall, at the time of pruning in preparation for wintering. Cut lignified branches, which by that time will already be without leaves, should be cut into cuttings, but not planted like green cuts, but stored in the basement until spring, placed in moist sawdust or wrapped in a damp cloth, as grape cuttings are usually stored .
In early spring, you will likewise plant these cuttings in the ground and cover them with a bottle so that they root faster. Cuttings that lay winter in a humid environment can bloom as early as the year of planting - by July.
Caring for a Buddhist in the garden
Watering and feeding buddley
It is necessary to moisten the buddhlya abundantly, but rarely, allowing the earth to completely dry between the irrigations. They feed the plant for the first time with nitrogen fertilizers in early spring, as soon as the buds wake up on the cut stems. If by this time you still do not have green fertilizers, then bring slurry under the root, and if this is not possible, you can buy urea or ammonium nitrate in the store and dilute 20 g of mineral fertilizer in 10 l of water. After loosening, pour about 1-2 liters of such a nutrient solution under the bush. Nitrogen fertilizers give the plant an impetus to vegetation and stimulate it to build green mass.
The second top dressing needs to be introduced when the buddley starts to pick up buds, that is, before flowering. At this time, nitrogen fertilizers are no longer needed, but potassium-phosphorus fertilizing will be required: 10-15 g of the mineral complex are dissolved in 10 liters of water. Or 10 g of superphosphate and a glass of ash are diluted in the same amount of water. You can, of course, do without phosphorus-potassium fertilizing, the plant will bloom without it, but the inflorescences will be much shorter and smaller in diameter.
The inflorescence of a well-fed plant can reach a diameter of 8-10 cm, and a length of 30-35 cm. The inflorescence consists of flowers resembling microscopic daisies with a yellow center, which form umbrellas, as if strung on a peduncle. The flowers begin to bloom from the bottom of the brush and then gradually open to the very top of the inflorescence. At this point, the lower umbrella is already fading and is becoming unsightly. Lanceolate leaves with sharp tips show off at the end of the season.
So that the buddlea does not lose its decorative effect and forms more and more inflorescences, the fading brushes must be cut off. Then on the same shoot just below the cut inflorescence, they will wake up and buds will begin to develop, which will give new peduncles and inflorescences. Blooming buddley can continue until the fall. My buddles bloom from mid-July to early October.
Buddley after flowering
When the buddley fades, it must be prepared for wintering. In regions with cold winters, it is advisable to cover the cutoff wake-up for the winter, because one of the disadvantages of this plant is its low frost resistance. We have in the Kuban, in the Krasnodar Territory, winters are rather mild, and I just buddle my budduli like a rose .
In colder regions, it is advisable to cover the cropped buddha with a large wooden box to protect it from frosty air, and it is advisable to drop a film or any waterproof cloth on top of this box. It is not necessary to wrap the box tightly with foil and push it with stones to the ground, otherwise the stems remaining after trimming can vytrit. After all, no matter how the ground freezes, it still breathes, and if air does not enter under the shelter, condensation will begin to accumulate there, from which the bud stems will become wet, and in severe frosts can freeze immediately and die.
Spring awakening in spring
Those who will plant the buddha for the first time should know that in spring the buds on it wake up very late: already all plants will rise by 5-10 cm, and these cut branches will still stand without signs of life. Do not worry, all the kidneys will wake up in due time. It's just that this plant has such a feature.
Trimming a buddha for the winter, as I said, is necessary at a height of about 20-15 cm. Pay attention to how my buddley was cut for the winter, and now look at what a chic bush grew from these trimmed branches and how it blooms in the middle July. Closer to autumn, a swarm of butterflies is gathering on the flowers of a buddley: a buddley gives off a beautiful, delicate honey aroma, and butterflies of various colors and sizes flock to it. Covered with flowers and surrounded by multi-colored fluttering butterflies, the buddha bush looks amazing.