In the garden, cineraria is grown as an annual or biennial. In indoor culture, this plant can bloom annually from December to March.
There are already about 1300 species of cineraria. Most of them are grown for flowers, while seaside cineraria is valuable for its gray or silver leaves.
Each type of cineraria has its own requirements for soil, conditions and care. From our article you can find out:
- how to sow cineraria for seedlings;
- how to transplant seedlings in pots or in open ground;
- how to care for a plant before, during and after flowering;
- how to propagate cineraria.
In addition, you will learn what types of this plant are most often grown in culture.
Planting and caring for cineraria
- Planting: sowing seeds for seedlings in early April, planting seedlings in open ground - in mid-May.
- Flowering: from mid-June to frost.
- Lighting: bright light in the morning and noon in the afternoon.
- Soil: fertile, well-drained, neutral or slightly alkaline reaction.
- Watering: plentiful, regular.
- Top dressing: 2 times a month with complex mineral fertilizers.
- Reproduction: flowering species - by seed, decorative leafy - by seeds and cuttings.
- Pests: aphids, spider mites.
- Diseases: powdery mildew, rust.
Read more about growing cineraria below
Cineraria (lat. Cineraria) - the so-called genus of the family Astrovia, or Compositae. Among the species of cineraria used in ornamental horticulture, there are both representatives of this genus and species that belong to the cineraria genus of the godson family (lat. Senecio) of the Krestovnikov tribes of the same Astrov family. There are about fifty representatives of the genus cineraria directly in nature, while according to various sources, there are from one to three thousand species of godchildren. In this article we will talk about the most popular types of cineraria and godchildren used in decorative gardening. So, the flowers of cineraria ...
Cineraria flower - description
The cineraria plant (the name in Latin translates as “ashen”) can be both a shrub and a herbaceous plant. In nature, cineraria are most abundant in Madagascar and in the tropics of Africa. In indoor gardening, only the type of bloody cineraria (Cineraria cruenta) is common, it is also a hybrid cineraria (Cineraria hybrida), although in fact it is a hybrid cross. In horticultural culture, cineraria flower is grown mainly as an annual or biennial. The height of the cineraria is from 30 to 90 cm, the stem branches strongly, the leaves are large, petiolate, lyre-shaped or oval, in many species pinnately dissected. Both the stems and leaves are pubescent. The final corymbose inflorescences consist of simple or double baskets with reed flowers of red, white, yellow, purple, surrounding an island of yellow tubular flowers. Cineraria blooms from mid-June to frost.
Growing cineraria from seeds
Seed Cineraria - Sowing
If you want to know how to grow cineraria from seeds, then start by buying planting material, and although this African plant in our gardens is not so common, it is quite possible to buy seeds. By the way, the germination rate of cineraria seeds is very high. Cineraria is sown for seedlings in early April: seeds of cineraria are sown in a container filled with a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts, not seeding them in the soil, but compacting the surface after sowing with a wooden ruler, then spraying the soil with water from a sprayer or moistening the soil with the method lower watering, cover the container with glass to create a greenhouse effect.
Seedlings of cineraria
Usually, cineraria from seeds germinates in a week or ten days, and as soon as the seedlings appear, the container is rearranged in a well-lit place, and with the appearance of two true leaves, the seedlings dive into personal containers. You need to take out the seedling for transplantation along with a lump of land, and it is better to transplant it into peat briquettes, so that later there are no problems with planting seedlings in open ground. If you do everything on time and correctly, then by the time the seedlings are transplanted to a site in the garden, they will develop into strong young plants.
When to plant cineraria
Growing cineraria is not particularly troublesome, but the more information you have, the easier it will be for you. So what are the preferences of cineraria? Lighting is preferably bright, but with a shade at noon. She needs fertile and well-drained soil, slightly alkaline or neutral. If you have found a suitable site and brought the soil to the required hydrogen reading, then wait until mid-May, when sudden night frosts are left behind, and proceed to transplant seedlings into open ground.
How to plant cineraria
Planting of cineraria is carried out according to the usual principle: in the holes dug at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other, seedlings of cineraria are planted together with the soil in which it grew. After planting, take soil and water the plot. If you have a hunch that the frost may come back, cover the necessary time for planting the cineraria at night with spanbond or lutrasil .
How to grow cineraria
Caring for cineraria is simple, the main thing in it is properly organized irrigation. If the plant lacks moisture, it weakens, if the moisture is too much, the roots of the cineraria rot . But almost all types of cineraria are drought tolerant, and in principle they have enough natural rainfall. After rain or watering, weeds must be removed on the site and the soil loosened. Immediately remove wilted flowers, this will extend the flowering period of cineraria.
Cineraria is fed two to three times a month with mineral fertilizers. Decorative-flowering species during budding are fed alternately with organic and mineral fertilizers every week. In the decorative-deciduous species of cineraria, the buds are cut off immediately after the appearance so that the plant does not waste strength and nutrition on them. That's all you need to know about cineraria care.
Reproduction of cineraria
We have already talked about seed propagation, but only decorative-flowering species reproduce exclusively by seeds. For decorative-leafy varieties, there are other methods of reproduction - vegetative. For example, seaside cineraria (Cineraria maritima) propagates in the summertime by cuttings 10 cm long. To do this, they make a “cuticle” - a portable box in which you plant cuttings for rooting. The cutlery is needed so that you can easily move it in the garden from place to place, hiding the cuttings from the midday sun. You can make such a box from wooden boards and plywood.
At the bottom of the box with drainage holes, a mixture of sand and garden soil is poured with a layer of 10 cm, 5-7 cm of coarse river sand is on top, the surface is well leveled and the soil from the watering can is spilled with a pink solution of potassium permanganate. The bottom cut of the shank is dusted with Kornevin , then they stick it into the ground in the cuticle and slightly compress the soil around it. Then half of the plastic bottle is put on each stalk, having slightly pressed its cut in the sand, and this kind of greenhouse is not removed until the cuttings are rooted.
Watering the soil on top of the bottles is necessary once every two days, if necessary. When the cuttings take root, it will be necessary to remove the plastic from them daily for an hour or two, accustoming them to the environment in which they will grow. Then one fine cloudy, and even better rainy day, the bottles are removed completely. Cuttings hibernate in a cold room in a cool room, and in spring they are planted in the ground.
Pests and diseases of cineraria
Decorative foliage cineraria sometimes suffers from rust and powdery mildew (at too high temperature and humidity), as well as spider mites and aphids . Due to the dense pubescence of plants, it is easier to take preventive measures than to treat a disease that has already appeared. As for pests, they are destroyed by systemic insecticides. In general, it must be said that all types of cineraria are very resistant to diseases and pests.
Cineraria after flowering
As already mentioned, cineraria in our climatic conditions is grown mainly as an annual, therefore, after flowering, plants are destroyed. But you can try to save decorative foliage species until next spring. To do this, the bushes are sprinkled with dry leaves for the winter. In the spring, removing the foliage, cut off the frozen parts of the plants so that they do not interfere with the growth of young growth. You can do it another way: dig out cineraria, transplant it into pots and leave it to winter in a bright, cool room. In the spring, you can again plant the overwintered cineraria in the garden.
Types and varieties of cineraria
The types of cineraria used in gardening floriculture are divided into decorative deciduous, which are grown mainly in open ground, and decorative flowering, cultivated mostly as indoor plants.
Cineraria seaside (cineraria maritima)
Either the seaside baptismal, or silver cineraria, or silver cineraria - a decorative-deciduous perennial with a rosette of silver-green leaves. It is widely used in landscape design if you need to create a background for greenery or for flowers of bright color. Sometimes this species is also called "silver dust." Popular varieties:
- Silver Dust - low bushes with lace leaves;
- Cirrus - higher lush bushes with oval serrated leaves.
Hybrid Cineraria (Cineraria hybrid)
Or cineraria is red, it is bloody - a bushy decorative-flowering plant, reaching a height of 30 centimeters or more. The leaves are round, large - from 10 to 20 cm in length, they are a great backdrop for bright flowers, similar to daisies or daisies . Varieties:
- Grandiflora - a tall plant (50-70 cm tall), flower diameter from 5 to 8 cm;
- Double - bush height from 35 to 70 cm, flower diameter up to 5 cm;
- Stellate - plant height 70-90 cm, flower diameter from 2 to 4 cm;
- Sympathy - different all sorts of options for combining two shades.
Fine cineraria (Senecio elegans)
This is a species with a highly branched stem up to 60 cm high, as pubescent as leaves, with sticky hairs. Simple or double flowers, collected in baskets, which in turn constitute corymbose inflorescences. It blooms to the very frosts. Varieties:
- Ligulosus - terry cineraria of a wide palette of colors;
- Nanus - dwarf plants up to 25 cm tall.